The "Horizon 2020 Initiative" aims to de-pollute the Mediterranean by the year 2020 by tackling the sources of pollution that account for around 80% of the overall pollution of the Mediterranean Sea: municipal waste, urban waste water and industrial pollution. Horizon 2020 was endorsed during the Environment Ministerial Conference held in Cairo in November 2006 and is one of the key initiatives endorsed by the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) since its launch in Paris in 2008.
To implement and monitor actions three working groups were created to address:
- Investments for Pollution Reduction (PR);
- Capacity Building (CB) for achieving H2020 objectives;
- Review, Monitoring and Research (RMR).